What is Sharp Debridement?
Wound debridement is the removal of dead and infected tissue around a wound that is not healing properly. Sharp, or surgical, debridement is carried out using a sharp instrument, such as a scalpel. This procedure enhances wound resolution, recovery and healing and is frequently done on wounds that have failed to heal with other techniques or conservative treatment.
Who Can Use Sharp Debridement?
This procedure is used to treat severe foot ulcers, cellulitis, thick scars, or infections. However, diabetic ulcers and vascular problems are treated with prudence.
Where is Sharp Debridement Performed?
The procedure can be done in the OR or at the patient’s bedside. The procedure site depends on the wound severity otherwise outpatient and bedside procedures are the most common.
Sharp Debridement Benefits
The benefits outweigh the disadvantages. This method of debridement heals faster than previous treatments. Even if it takes numerous treatments to entirely remove necrotic tissue and infection, the overall healing time is lowered. It allows doctors to select which tissues to remove. Mechanical debridement, for example, removes both good and dead tissue. The sharp approach allows the surgeon to be more selective.
For a day after debridement, the wound is packed with a dry dressing to stop bleeding, followed by moist dressings to aid wound healing once the bleeding stops. Recovery time varies by wound type. Until the wound heals, patients will have regular skin examinations. Others may require follow-up care for several weeks. Patients with diabetes or vascular issues may require additional testing to prevent infection.
Most wounds heal without noticeable scarring, but may cause pain until fully healed. To recuperate properly, patients must take all suggested measures. Keeping hands clean helps prevent reinfection. Notifying sores, infections, or pain is critical. Patients must also take any prescribed drugs.